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State Spatial DATA Infrastructure

Government of Uttarakhand The existing e-Governance system is now shifting towards g-Governance system, i.e. geospatial Governance system.

The existing e-Governance system is now shifting towards g-Governance system, i.e. geospatial Governance system. In the recent years, with increasing emphasis on timely response to local people's aspirations and needs, and on setting up systems for effective planning and administration, concept of g-Governance is gradually gaining ground.
It is hoped that the coming decade will see this major transformation of e-Governance systems to g-Governance systems. Under the g-Governance system, geospatial information will be quickly accessed as digital maps through a Geoportal by clicking few mouse buttons on a computer. Geoportal is a web based geo-database accessible to the end user through a computer browser.
Web-accessible geo-database is an important requirement in sharing of up-to-date geo-spatial data from the data provider to the end user. Primary goal of such a geo-database is to effectively manage geo-spatial data and related metadata so as to facilitate their delivery to the end-users through the GeoPortal. A GeoPortal is capable of providing access to a wide range of data and information through provision of interoperable geographic information services that allow a user to browse and download the required geo-spatial information usually made available by a host of associated organisations. Development of a geo-database interfaced through a GeoPortal is considered as an important requirement in sharing and exchange of geo-spatial data for establishing g-Governance systems. The Geo Portal also provides access to metadata and acts as a gateway to a network of geo-spatial data repositories. Geoportal also acts as a single window gateway to an extensive metadata catalog to search and discover available data.

With above improvement possible in access to geospatial data on one hand, the process and practice of planning are getting decentralised to lower area units (e.g.,districts, blocks, or villages), on the other, to make those area-specific and responsive to local people's aspirations and needs. Twenty-nine and eighteen sectors have been identified in the Eleventh and Twelfth Schedules of the Constitution respectively where the panchayats and nagarpalikas (municipalities) are expected to draw up developmental strategies. The XI Five Year Plan (2007-2012) lays emphasis on the need for building the capacity of these Institutions to ensure that schemes/programmes evolved at the ground level are technically viable and effectively coordinated with higher level strategies. To enforce accountability, the Plan further highlights the requirement of sharing developmental information with the beneficiaries. Evolving technically viable schemes/ programmes at the ground level being complex and information-intensive requires use of relevant geographical (spatial) data and appropriate tools/ technologies for their management and analysis.

In spite of several initiatives launched by the Government over the past decades to promote the use of spatial data and tools/technologies like GIS, GPS, DGPS, and Remote Sensing at different levels of planning, there has not been adequate improvement in the quality of resource management decisions/ strategies. Non-availability of and inaccessibility to spatial data of desired resolution and currency, incompatible data sets; lack of user-friendliness of the processing tools; and inadequate capacity amongst the end-users have been the major bottlenecks. It has therefore been imperative to improve the spatial data management practices and appropriately align the tools/ technologies with the work flow or business processes of the panchayats/ nagarpalikas in the framework of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs).


Read Full Report of SSDI Project

Progress Report of SSDI Project

Context

Taking note of some of the issues stated above, several policy level changes have been brought about recently. For providing better access to the spatial data holdings of different national level Survey/Data Providing Agencies, Government of India has constituted the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in 2006. The National Map Policy has been further liberalized to make available spatial data sets as Open Series Maps to support developmental decision-making. Different Ministries and Departments working in the sectors of Land Resources, Water Resources, Biodiversity, Agriculture, and Disaster management have framed strategies highlighting the utility of spatial data and technologies in their work flow or business processes and decision-making. State Governments are increasingly showing interest in setting up State Level Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) to support Decentralised Planning. Several State Governments like Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana etc. have already launched initiatives to develop State level Spatial Data Infrastructurs (SSDIs). State level Coordination Steering and Executive Committees have been set up to support implementation of SSDIs.
Information & Communication Technologies (ICT), on the other hand have further evolved with advancements in the fields of Database Management; Workflow Management; Internet; and Web-based Services. Under the new/revised policies and the emerging scenario of requirement of SDIs, spatial data management strategies/ICT set up of organisations are required to be re-oriented/upgraded with the deployment of advanced tools/ technologies. Databases of various Data Providing Organisations need be re-engineered so as to make the relevant data sets available and accessible to potential user agencies like panchayats, nagarpalikas, Line Departments, or the civil society. Emerging concepts like Enterprise GIS, Geo-spatial Interoperability; Geo-Web Services; Geo-visualisation; and the Geo-Semantic Web etc. in this context are required to be explored and utilized.

The concept of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)

Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is a collection of technologies, policies, institutional arrangements, financial and human resources to facilitate availability, access and effective utilization of spatial data. SDI provides an environment for connecting user applications to appropriate data sets over a network (e.g. Internet) either through a direct access mechanism or via services. Core technical components of an SDI include Databases, Catalogues, Geo-processing/ catalogue services, and User applications in the form of software utilities built on the data sets or services to address specific information needs of the user community.
SDI is potentially capable of providing the requisite spatial data/information support in the task of operationalising the concept of Decentralised Planning. Under NRDMS, several tools/ technologies useful in setting up and using SDIs have been developed and tested in the recent past in different real-life environments/application studies.

District Wise List

DISTRICT WISE LIST OF SPATIAL DATA LYERS DEVELOPED IN THE UTTARAKHAND STATE







District

Department

Spatial Layers

Almora

Police Department Kotwali Boundary, Thana Boundary, Reporting Chaukee, Police Barrier, Kotwali Head Quarter, Thana Head Quarter, Police line, SP Office, Mahila Thana Boundary, Mahila Thana Head Quarter,
PWD District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages, National Highway, State Highway, Major District Roads, Other District Road, Village Roads, PMGSY Roads, PWD Guest Houses
Health Department Base Hospital, District Hospital, Women Hospital, Civil Hospital, Community Health Centers, Primary Health Centers, Additional Primary Health Centers, Ayurvedic Hospital, Allopathic Hospital, District TB Unit, DOT Centers, Child and Maternity Welfare Centers
Education Department Government Inter Colleges, Inter Colleges, Government Girls Inter Colleges, Government High School, Government Girls High School, High School, Junior High School, Primary Schools.
Election Department Assembly Constituency Boundary, Polling Booths.
Jal Nigam Department Perennial Streams, Non-Perennial Streams, Water Supply Schemes, Hand pumps
Forest Department Reserve Forest, Civil Forest, Barren Area
Agriculture Department Agricultural Land
Revenue Department Digital Cadastral Maps of Village Patherkot, Village Phalseema, Village Barsila, Village Paner

Nanital

Police Department Kotwali Boundary, Thana Boundary, Reporting Chaukee, Police Barrier, Kotwali Head Quarter, Thana Head Quarter, Police line.
PWD District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages,National Highway, State Highway, Major District Roads, Other District Road, Village Roads, PMGSY Roads, PWD Guest Houses
Health Department Base Hospital, District Hospital, Women Hospital, Civil Hospital, Community Health Centers, Primary Health Centers, Additional Primary Health Centers, Ayurvedic Hospital, Allopathic Hospital, District TB Unit.
Forest Department Reserve Forest, Civil Forest,
Agriculture Department Agricultural Land
Revenue Department Digital Cadastral Maps of Village Bajun, Village Gahalna, Village Mangoli

Pauri Garhwal

Police Department Kotwali Boundary, Thana Boundary, Reporting Chaukee, Police Barrier, Kotwali Head Quarter, Thana Head Quarter, Police line.
PWD District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages, National Highway, State Highway, Major District Roads, Other District Road, Village Roads
Forest Department Forest Boundary
Agricultural Land, Barren Land Digital Cadastral Maps of 47 Villages of Kot Development Block of District Pauri Garhwal
Revenue Department Digital Cadastral Maps of 47 Villages of Kot Development Block of District Pauri Garhwal
Jal Nigam Perennial Stream, Non-Perennial Stream

Tehri Garhwal

Panchayatraj Department District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages, Gram Panchayat
Election Department Assembly Constituency Boundary, Polling Booths
Forest Department Forest Boundary
Agricultural Land, Barren Land Agricultural Land, Barren Land
Jal Nigam Perennial Streams, Non-Perennial Streams

Rudraprayag

PWD District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages, Roads
Forest Department Forest Boundary
Agriculture Department Agricultural Land, Barren Land
Jal Nigam Perennial Streams, Non-Perennial Streams

Udham Singh Nagar

Police Department Reporting Chaukee, Police Barrier, Thana Head Quarter,
PWD District Boundary, Block Boundary, Villages, Roads

PROGRESS SUMMARY

Background

National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) defined as the technologies, policies, and people necessary to promote sharing of geospatial data throughout all levels of government, the private and non-profit sectors, and the academic community.The goal of this Infrastructure is to reduce duplication of effort among agencies, improve quality and reduce costs related to geographic information, to make geographic data more accessible to the public, to increase the benefits of using available data, and to establish key partnerships with states, counties, cities, tribal nations, academia and the private sector to increase data availability.

Objective of the Project

The fundamental objectives of the present project are:
  • To develop a standards-based GeoPortal and Clearinghouse for Uttarakhand State and demonstrate its utility in Decentralized Governance.
  • To build technical capacity of various government departments in geographic information management for sustained maintenance and use of the Portal, and
  • To increase awareness and understanding of the vision, concepts, and benefits of Spatial Data Infrastructure at different hierarchical levels

Read Full Report of SSDI Project

Project Team



Adviser : Dr. Ps Acharya
NRDMS Division, DST GoI
Email ID: psa@nic.in / psanrdms@gmail.com
Member Secretary: Dr. Rajendra Dobhal
DG UCOST
Email ID: drrdobhal@gmail.com
PI of the Project : Dr. D.P Uniyal
UCOST Dehradun
Email ID : dpuniyal.ucost@gmail.com
Co- PI : Dr. J.S Rawat
NRDMS Center, SSJ Camus, Almora
Email ID : jsrawat1955@gmil.com


Mr. Manmohan S Rawat Mr. Sandeep Petwal Mr. Mayank Bahuguna Ms. Deepa Rautela
Designation: Technical Coordinator
E-mail: manmohansinghrwt@gmail.com
Contact No.:
Designation: System Analyst
E-mail: ucost.sanjay3@gmail.com
Contact No.: 9412363875
Designation: GIS Assistant
E-mail: bahuguna340@gmail.com
Contact No.: 9536111083
Designation: GIS Assistant
E-mail: deeparautela14@gmail.com
Contact No.: 8057419642


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